Myanmar

Background Information

Region

East Asia & Pacific

World Bank income group

Lower middle income

Percent of population aged 10-24

25% (UNFPA, 2023)

Total primary school age population (both sexes)

4,446,177 (UIS, 2023)

Total secondary school age population (both sexes)

5,330,092 (UIS, 2023)

Proportion of women aged 20-24 years who were married or in a union before age 18 (% of women aged 20-24)

16%

Source: UNSDG , 2016

Adolescent birth rate (per 1,000 women ages 15-19)

25

Source: UN Human Development Reports , 2019

Percentage of women who ever experienced physical violence since age 15 (% of women 15-49)

15%

Source: DHS , 2016

Percentage of married women employed in the last 12 months (% of married or in-union women 15-49)

71%

Source: DHS , 2016

Education Snapshot Back to Top

Number of years of free primary and secondary education guaranteed in legal frameworks (Years)

5

Source: UIS , 2022

Percentage of upper secondary schools providing life skills-based HIV and sexuality education within the formal curriculum or as part of extra-curricular activities Percentage of schools

90%

Source: UNESCO , 2018

Proportion of schools with access to single-sex basic sanitation facilities Percentage of schools

  • Primary 84%

    (2019)

  • Lower secondary 67%

    (2018)

  • Upper secondary 75%

    (2018)

Source: UIS

Women as a percentage of teachers in tertiary education Women as a percentage

Source: UIS , 2018

Men as a percentage of teachers in pre-primary education Men as a percentage

Source: UIS , 2018

Expenditure on education as a percentage of total government expenditure % GDP spent on education

Source: UIS , 2019

Proportion of students at the end of primary education achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in reading

  • Female 12%

  • Male 10%

Female: UIS, 2019

Male: UIS, 2019

Proportion of students at the end of primary education achieving at least a minimum proficiency level in mathematics

  • Female 12%

  • Male 12%

Female: UIS, 2019

Male: UIS, 2019


Experiencing bullying in the last 12 months in lower secondary education

  • Female 49%

  • Male 51%

Female: UNESCO, 2016

Male: UNESCO, 2016

Youth not in education, employment or training

  • Female 21%

  • Male 9%

Female: ILO, 2020

Male: ILO, 2020


Completion rate

Primary school age
  • Female 84%

  • Male 82%

Female: UIS, 2016

Male: UIS, 2016

Lower secondary school age
  • Female 45%

  • Male 45%

Female: UIS, 2015

Male: UIS, 2015

Upper secondary school age
  • Female 19%

  • Male 14%

Female: UIS, 2015

Male: UIS, 2015


Out-of-school rate

Primary school
  • Female 7%

  • Male 5%

Female: UIS, 2016

Male: UIS, 2016

Lower secondary school
  • Female 17%

  • Male 16%

Female: UIS, 2016

Male: UIS, 2016

Upper secondary school
  • Female 49%

  • Male 54%

Female: UIS, 2016

Male: UIS, 2016

Legal Frameworks Back to Top

Presence of legislation on child protection, to prevent corporal punishment in schools

3

Limited protection from violence in educational institutions

Source: HerAtlas , 2019

Presence of legislation protecting the right to education without discrimination based on sex/gender

4

Enshrines right to education, only for a group of persons, without discrimination based on sex/gender

Source: HerAtlas , 2019

Presence of legislation to protect and facilitate education of pregnant adolescent girls

2

No explicit protection of the right to education of pregnant and parenting girls

Source: HerAtlas , 2019

Existence of processes to support coordinated action on gender equality in and through education by ministries, civil society, youth organizations and other actors

Data coming soon!

Existence of systematic processes to review and update curricula and learning resources, with a view to eradicating gender stereotypes and promoting gender equality

Data coming soon!

Training on gender-responsive pedagogies is embedded in teacher training programmes

Data coming soon!


Programs Back to Top

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Government Programs Back to Top