Living Under Lockdown: Girls and COVID-19

  • R Research Project/Report/Study

I Inactive

Key Information

To increase understanding of the impact of COVID-19 on girls and young women, as well as talking to girls in lockdown, Plan International has re-examined four previous studies of crises to try and get a clearer picture of the insecurity and vulnerability facing girls now.

The report draws specific lessons from their study of the Ebola crisis of 2014-2015 in West Africa where school closures and other measures to limit movement had damaging long-term effects on children and particularly girls.  

Lead Implementing Organization(s)


Middle East & North Africa, South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa

Bangladesh, Cameroon, Chad, Lebanon, Liberia, Niger, Sierra Leone, South Sudan

Government Affiliation

Non-governmental program


2020 - 2020


Not applicable or unknown

Ministry Affiliation



Not applicable or unknown

COVID-19 Response

New for COVID-19

Geographic Scope

Global / regional

Areas of Work Back to Top

Education areas

Other skills

  • Life skills/sexuality education
  • Social and emotional learning


  • School-related gender-based violence
  • School violence

Cross-cutting areas

  • Adolescent pregnancy/childbearing
  • COVID-19 Response
  • Digital literacy
  • Early/child marriage
  • Economic/livelihoods (including savings/financial inclusion, etc.)
  • Emergencies and protracted crises
  • Female genital mutilation/cutting
  • Food/water security
  • Gender equality
  • Menstrual hygiene management
  • Other aspects of sexual and reproductive health
  • Sexual harassment & coercion
  • Social and gender norms and beliefs
  • Violence (at home, in relationships)

Program participants

Target Audience(s)

Girls (both in school and out of school), Youth


5 - 18

School Enrolment Status

Some in school

School Level

  • Lower primary
  • Upper primary
  • Lower secondary
  • Upper secondary

Other populations reached

Not applicable or unknown

Participants include

Not applicable or unknown

Program Approaches Back to Top

Access to school

  • Alternative learning centers/mobile schools/home schools

Community engagement/advocacy/sensitization

  • Community-based monitoring (e.g. school report cards)
  • General awareness-raising/community engagement


  • Gender-sensitive curricula
  • Increased availability of learning materials

Educational Technology

  • Digital devices for the purposes of studying, learning
  • Digital learning materials/programs
  • Digital reading materials (non-textbook)
  • Digital skills/literacy (including coding)

Health and childcare services

  • Adolescent-friendly health services
  • Referrals to health services
  • Sexual and reproductive health services (including family planning)

Increased availability of learning materials

  • Increased availability of Writing materials
  • Textbooks (digital)
  • Textbooks (paper)

Life skills education

  • Gender, rights and power
  • Sexual and reproductive health (including puberty education)
  • Social and emotional learning (SEL) skills building

Mentoring/psychosocial support

  • School-based counselors


  • Informational interventions (e.g. returns to education)
  • Other activities to address/end violence (not captured above)
  • Other activities to end child marriage (not captured above)
  • Other activities to end FGM (not captured above)

School-related gender-based violence

  • Anti-violence policies and codes of conduct
  • Safe channels/mechanisms for reporting violence
  • Support in and around schools (e.g. peer counseling, adult-to-student counseling)
  • Violence prevention curriculum/activities for students

Social/gender norms change

  • Engaging parents/caregivers of students or school-age children/adolescents
  • Work with community leaders


  • In-service teacher training – gender-responsive pedagogy
  • Teaching materials (e.g. lesson plans, curricula)

Tutoring/strengthening academic skills

  • Literacy - in the classroom
  • Literacy - outside the classroom
  • Numeracy - in the classroom
  • Numeracy - outside the classroom

Women's empowerment programs

  • Advocacy/action

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Program Goals Back to Top

Education goals

  • Increased re-enrolment in school among out-of-school children
  • Increased school completion (general)
  • Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Reduced absenteeism
  • Reduced grade repetition

Cross-cutting goals

  • Improved health - other
  • Improved mental health
  • Improved nutrition
  • Improved sexual and reproductive health
  • Improved understanding of sexual harassment, coercion, and consent
  • Increased agency and empowerment
  • Increased knowledge of HIV, puberty, and sexual and reproductive health
  • More equitable gender attitudes and norms
  • Reduced adolescent pregnancy/childbearing
  • Reduced child marriage
  • Reduced intimate partner violence
  • Reduced poverty/increase household well-being
  • Reduced school-related gender-based violence (SRGBV)
  • Reduced violence against children in the home

Additional Information Back to Top

Primary Contact

Plan International