The Effect of COVID-19 on Education in Africa and its Implications for the Use of Technology: A Survey of the Experiences and Opinions of Educators and Technology Specialists

  • R Research Project/Report/Study

I Inactive

Key Information

This report, and the survey findings behind it, provides insight into the perspectives of EdTech experts regarding the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on education in Africa. It is based on the findings of a survey of the eLearning Africa network, which attracted approximately 1650 responses from respondents in 52 countries in Africa. 15 countries (29%) provide 1217 (73%) of the responses. 52% of the respondents are directly involved in the education sector and 9% are in the ICT sector. 71% work for government or not-for-profit organisations, and 21% for for-profit businesses. 40% are teachers / lecturers / professors, and 13% are ICT / EdTech specialists or entrepreneurs. The sample represents a group of experts rather than a cross-section of the population.

Lead Implementing Organization(s)


Middle East & North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, The, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Government Affiliation

Non-governmental program


2020 - 2020


Not applicable or unknown

Ministry Affiliation




COVID-19 Response

New for COVID-19

Geographic Scope

Global / regional

Areas of Work Back to Top

Education areas


  • Post-secondary
  • Primary completion
  • Primary enrollment
  • Primary to secondary transition
  • Secondary completion
  • Secondary Enrollment


  • Early childhood development
  • Remote Learning


  • Curricula/lesson plans
  • School facilities
  • School quality
  • Teacher training

Cross-cutting areas

  • COVID-19 Response
  • Digital literacy
  • Economic/livelihoods (including savings/financial inclusion, etc.)
  • Emergencies and protracted crises

Program participants

Target Audience(s)

Community leaders, Other community members - female, Other community members - male, Parent-teacher associations/school management committees, Religious leaders, School administrators, Teachers - female, Teachers - male


Not applicable or unknown

School Enrolment Status

Some in school

School Level

  • Pre-school
  • Lower primary
  • Upper primary
  • Lower secondary
  • Upper secondary
  • Vocational
  • Tertiary

Other populations reached

  • Boys (both in school and out of school)
  • Girls (both in school and out of school)

Participants include

Not applicable or unknown

Program Approaches Back to Top

Community engagement/advocacy/sensitization

  • Community-based monitoring (e.g. school report cards)
  • General awareness-raising/community engagement

Educational Technology

  • Digital devices for the purposes of studying, learning
  • Digital learning materials/programs
  • Digital reading materials (non-textbook)
  • Digital skills/literacy (including coding)

Facilities construction/improvement

  • Construction/improvement of electricity

Increased availability of learning materials

  • Educational Radio or Television Programs
  • Textbooks (digital)


  • Informational interventions (e.g. returns to education)

Policy/legal environment

  • System-wide review and reform

Social/gender norms change

  • Engaging parents/caregivers of students or school-age children/adolescents
  • Work with community leaders
  • Work with religious leaders


  • Teaching materials (e.g. lesson plans, curricula)

Tutoring/strengthening academic skills

  • STEM - in the classroom
  • STEM - outside the classroom

Show More

Program Goals Back to Top

Education goals

  • Increased enrolment in primary school
  • Increased re-enrolment in school among out-of-school children
  • Increased school enrolment (general)
  • Increased secondary school enrolment
  • Reduced absenteeism
  • Reduced grade repetition

Cross-cutting goals

Not applicable or unknown

Additional Information Back to Top

Primary Contact

eLearning Africa
eLearning Africa